Yandex Dzen.

For the first time, the Christmas tree began to dress in Germany. It is believed that the tradition originated thanks to the reformer Martin Luther. According to legends, in 1513 he returned home and admired the sky on which the stars glowed. He had the feeling that the stars were sparkling even on the branches of the trees.

When Martin got to the house, he immediately decided to reproduce the picture he saw. He took a small Christmas tree and put it on the table, decorating candles. On the top set the star, which reminded of the Bethlehem star.

History of festive tree

In the 16th century, there was a tradition in the countries of Central Europe to dress a beech tree. Pears, plums and apples were used as decorations. Fruits pre-cooked in honey. Nuts were also used as decorations. A small village was put in the center of the table.

Why do the New Year dress up the Christmas tree?

After a few decades, coniferous trees began to be used. The main thing is that they were small. Sometimes festive trees suspended to the ceiling. Then they began to put large trees in the living room.

In the period from 17 to 19th century, the Christmas tree began to dress up not only in Germany, but also in England, Denmark, Holland, the Czech Republic and Austria. Subsequently, the tradition was adopted by Americans. Initially, fruits and sweets were used as decorations. Subsequently, people began to cut the decorations from the cardboard. And later, glass toys were created.

History of the Christmas tree in Russia

The tradition came to Russia thanks to Peter 1. He visited Germany in his youth, where he saw a festive tree decorated with different toys, fruits and sweets. Becoming king, he did everything possible so that the Christmas trees began to dress and residents of Russia. The dressed trees appeared on the streets and in the homes of nobility.

After Peter's death 1, the tradition of dressing trees for several decades was forgotten. Again, a custom appeared only in 1817 thanks to the wife of Prince Nikolai Pavlovich - Princess Charlotte. At first it was customary to decorate holiday tables with branches and bouquets.

A few years later, the Christmas tree appeared in Anichkov Palace. Installed it under the influence of Charlotte. In 1852, the first holiday tree appeared in a public place - in the premises of the Ekaterini station. It was after this tree that almost all residents of the country began to decorate. In addition, there were festive events for children.

In the war years, the installation of the Christmas tree decided to refuse, because Tradition was enemy. The ban was introduced by Nikolai II. Canceled Decree after the end of the October Revolution. Large New Year tree was established on the territory of the artillery school. This event occurred in 1917.

But after 9 years, the custom again banned. The tradition was called anti-Soviet. In addition, banned christmas celebration. 10 years passed, and the tradition was reborn again. The Christmas tree began to decorate, conducting festive events for children. The tradition decided to revive with the support of Stalin.

On the territory of the Kremlin, the Christmas tree began to install since 1976. Initially, the tree symbolized Christmas. However, subsequently became the attribute of New Year holidays.

Why do the New Year dress up the Christmas tree?

On Christmas toys in Russia, the whole epochs could be tracked. On the trees it was possible to see pioneers with mines, portraits of politburo workers. When the war came, toys with weapons began to hang on the Christmas trees, decorations in the form of paratroopers and dogs-sanitation. Subsequently, people began to cut the snowflakes on which the sickle and hammer were depicted. In the time of Khrushchev, the trees were hanging toys in the form of corn, tractors and hockey players.

New Year is one of the most beloved not only by children, but also adults holiday. Many customs are connected with it. We observe them without even thinking, based, for example, to the Slavic calendar. We learn your children that on the eve of the arrival of the new year you need to make a whole list of affairs.

For example, put and adjust the New Year tree. In most families, this is a spruce. Many reject pine, but it is not clear why. Yes, and time is chosen differently. Catholics, for example, are proceeded in the 20th of December.

Despite the greatest story, the origin of the tradition remains incomprehensible. Like divergence in the names of the festive tree. And then why do you even dress the forest beauty.

Why for the new year it is customary to dress up a Christmas tree - a legend for children

Festive spruce directly associated with Christmas. And the severity of traditional decorations itself is a tribute to the New Testament History of the Savior's arrival. It is not surprising that the legend for children is filled with biblical motifs. There she is.

When in Bethlehem became aware of the birth of the future of the Savior, people, plants and animals hurried to the cave. Each of the guests brought gifts.

From the distant north hurried spruce. The road was not neighboring, so she came last. She had nothing to give, and she was still afraid to scare, hesitate the Savior. Therefore, Spruce stood on the sidelines. Other plants shared with it what they had - apples, nuts, green leaves, bright flowers. In this form, it appeared in front of Jesus. Seeing multicolored, beautiful fir smiled, and over the very top of the tree brighter than before the Bethlehem star caught fire.

Why christmas decorated with Christmas tree - Orthodox story

Representatives of the church say that the custom put in the houses of spruce is associated with the name of the apostle of Germany. Bonifacim. Talking to the pagans about Christmas, during the sermon, he quit the Oak dedicated to God Thoru's thunder. Falling, he threw several trees. Only spruce remained, which Bonifami called the Baby tree of Christ. So, the pagans were proven by the impotence of their gods.

Biblical information about why the coniferous tree became a symbol of Christmas, no. And it can not be, if you consider where Jesus Christ was born. It is still necessary to take into account that to this day for most Orthodox priests New Year's evergreen tree is closely connected with paganism.

For what we dress for the Christmas tree for the new year

Before joining our lives of Christianity, our ancestors deified nature. And also believed that in the forests, on coniferous trees, spirits live. They are responsible for frosts, blizzards and blizzards. Special courage of the spirits are gained by long December evenings and nights. Such pranks were especially dangerous for hunters, forester.

In order to somehow draw the forest creatures to our ancestors hung on the branch of all sorts of treats. And they read some conspiracies, made various rites. Helped or not, but tradition and mysticism have survived and reached our time.

Interesting! Ancient Slavs were convinced that evergreen spruce is a symbol of life.

We explain why you dressed for the new year it is the Christmas tree, not another tree

Modern Christmas or New Year's ritual formed in the German tradition in the late Middle Ages and the beginning of the new time. The roots of the image should be sought in the pre-Christmas mysteries. This theatrical formulation was dedicated to the History of Falls. And yet - December 24 (Christmas Eve) Christians of the Western denomination honor Adam and Eve's memory.

The setting was carried out in winter. The only tree that could be used for scenery was fir. It was decorated with apples as a symbol of the most forbidden fetus, biscuits - an image of atonement.

Later, this theatrical formulation became the basis of the Christmas Vertep. At first they were put on the streets of cities. And then the rite went into use every family.

The history of the emergence - where did the tradition go from the Christmas tree for the New Year in Russia

Many traditions came to us from Europe. And customs belonging to your beloved holiday, no exception. The "window" into this part of the world was drunk Peter I. It was he who issued a decree that the Souluscript in Russia would not be conducted from the creation of the world, but from the Nativity of Christ. Since then, the year began to start from January 1. But that was only the beginning.

Until 1840, the Christmas tree could only be found in the houses of the Russified Germans. Even such great poets like Pushkin, Lermontov never seen an elegant evergreen tree in their lives. Only binding balls and mascaras, which has reflected in their works.

Interest in the traditions of Germans to dress a forest beauty arose only in the 1840s. He supported the fashion for the works of writers from Germany. The church rite described in them, which united the whole family, was very failed. In rich houses, decorations served jewels, sweets, fruits.

Starting from the second half of the XIX century. Cardboard toys began to hang on the Christmas trees. And from the end of the XIX - the beginning of the XX centuries, specialized decorations began to go on sale.

Why do Christmas tree put for the new year, and not for Christmas in Russia

To answer this question, you need to make a guarantee in history. Up until 1918 in the country, the Christmas tree, as well before the October Revolution, was put on Christmas. Moreover, on the eve of 1918, a book for children "Christmas tree" was published in the publishing house "Sail", on the cover that was conquered by an evergreen dressing tree with a Bethlehem star on Makushka and Santa Claus.

But all in the same 1918, the new government decided to introduce the Gregorian calendar. On January 24, decree was issued, according to which January 31 should not be 1, but on February 14. But the Orthodox Church remained in the Julian Saved, because of which it turned out that Christmas first goes, and then - the New Year.

For brevity, let's say that the next 11 years in the USSR tried to give Christmas Komsomolsk notes. But in April 1929, the next party conference decided to cancel the holiday at all. Under the ban and the tree itself both "Popovsky Custom".

Revival took place only in 1935. True, the symbol was deprived of his church roots. With the "light" hands of the leadership of the tree became a children's fun for the young builders of communism. Decorations also lost touch with Christmas.

In this article we will find out - why the Christmas tree dress up for the new year

December 31, not far from the corner and some people have already begun to dress up the Christmas tree. But P. Ochra for the new year dressing up the Christmas tree, h then this is for the tradition and where did she go from?

Why the new year dress up a Christmas tree

A spruce is considered a life plant that is filled with freshness and greens even in a frosty course. It can be said that this is the only tree in Europe that looks like in the winter in the same way as in the summer.

It is said that once a long time ago he returned home for a holiday lately through the forest and decided to present his family surprise - brought an evergreen tree to the house. Spruce decorated with bows and candles. Many people liked this idea that they began to borrow.

Why the New Year is dressing the Christmas tree - European version

The first began to dress up the Christmas tree in Germany.

According to the legend for the appearance of this tradition, we must be grateful to Martin Luther, an outstanding German reformer.

Why the new year dress up a Christmas tree

On the eve of Christmas in 1513, he, as the legend says, returned home and admired the heaven with his stars. It seemed the impression that they sparkle on the branches of trees. Reaching the house, Martin Luther decided to reproduce seen. Therefore, put a small Christmas tree on the table, dressed up with her candles and a star, which was placed on the top as a reminder of the Bethlehem star, indicating the way to the Bible to the place of birth of Jesus.

It is widely known that in Central Europe of the XVI century, there was a tradition to dress up a small beech trees with pears, plums and apples that were pre-cooked in honey, as well as forest nuts. On Christmas Eve, the beech was decorated in the center of the festive table.

Why the new year dress up a Christmas tree

About a century in Switzerland and Germany, not only deciduous trees, but coniferous appeared on Christmas feasts.

The main requirement that has been presented to them has concerned the magnitude. The tree should have been miniature. First, small Christmas trees decorated with apples and sweets, it was customary to hang to the ceiling. And only over time the tradition appeared to install a large tree in the living room.

From the XVIII to the XIX century, the tradition of dressing the Christmas tree went outside of Germany and passed on in England, Denmark, Holland, Czech Republic and Austria. Thanks to the development of emigration, the immigrants from Germany taught to decorate the Christmas trees and Americans. At first, fruits, candles and a variety of sweets were used for this, but over time the custom appeared to dress up Christmas trees with cardboard toys, wool and wax, and later from the glass.

Christmas trees in Russia

Peter the first, being a very young man, was visiting his friends in Germany, where he saw a tree strange knitted tree, and received very pleasant impressions from this spectacle. After Peter climbed the throne, the fun Christmas trees on the manner seen in Europe appeared in Russia. On the central streets and the houses of noble people set decorations from coniferous trees and their branches.

Why the new year dress up a Christmas tree

Over time, when Peter the First did not become, everyone forgot about the new way. The Christmas tree became a popular Christmas attribute only a century later.

In 1817, princess Charlotte appeared at the Russian court, which became the wife of Prince Nikolai Pavlovich. On its initiative, a tradition appeared in Russia to decorate bouquets from the branches of the Christmas table. In 1819, the first festive Christmas tree appeared in Anichkov Palace, which was influenced by Nikolai Pavlovich, and 1852 was the year of demonstration of the first dressed up in public.

She appeared in the Ekaterininsky premises (subsequently in the Moscow) station in St. Petersburg. After that, there was a splash of popularity of Christmas trees. Rich Russians began to write down dear European decorations and hold festive matinees for children.

Why the new year dress up a Christmas tree

New Year's tree showed Christian postulates. Fruits, sweets and toys, which she decorated, were a symbol of gifts brought by newborne Jesus.

Candles served as a reminder of how the place of stay of the Holy Family was covered. In addition, a star was conquered on the top of a spruce, who performed the role of the symbol of the Bethlehem star, which appeared in the sky at the time of Christ's birth and indicating the road to him. All this contributed to the conversion of the Christmas tree into a Christmas symbol.

New Year's trees during the war

World War II - a period of refusal to decorate the Christmas tree, as from the enemy tradition, which came from hostile Germany. Nicholas II introduced a ban on it, which was canceled after the October Revolution. The public Christmas tree of Soviet times was first established on December 31, 1917 in the territory of the Mikhailovsky Artillery School in St. Petersburg.

Why the new year dress up a Christmas tree

Another ban on the use of a dressed Christmas tree as a festive symbol occurred for 1926, when this tradition was named by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Anti-Soviet.

Active anti-religious work was carried out, within which it was, in particular, is forbidden to celebrate Christmas. Therefore, the use of any Christmas attributes could not be a speech.

However, by 1935, the festive Christmas tree is again experiencing rebirth. On December 28, a note about organizing the installation of a New Year tree for children appeared in the True newspaper. This proposal proceeded from Posyssheva, the Second Secretary of the Central Committee of the Committee, and received support for Stalin.

Why the new year dress up a Christmas tree

On the eve of 1938, a 15-meter Christmas tree was installed in the House of Unions, decorated with 10 thousand toys, which became the central element of the children's festive matinee. Since then, such events became the traditional and chief Christmas tree of the country, it was the Christmas tree in the house of unions. Since 1976, this title has passed to the Christmas tree installed in the Kremlin.

Being initially a Christmas symbol, a dressed up tree gradually turned into a New Year attribute. The tradition of decorating the Christmas tree fruit and sweets was also gradually transformed. Christmas toys have become a reflection of the era.

Christian Legend of New Year's Eve

According to the old legend, Spruce became a symbol of Christmas at the request of the heavenly forces. When in Bethlehem, the Savior was born in the wretched cave, a new bright star was lit under the singing of angels in the dark sky.

Why the new year dress up a Christmas tree

Not only people, but also animals and plants hurried to the cave. Everyone tried to show the newborn his sincere joy and bring some gift. Plants and trees gave a baby their fragrances, flowers, fruits and leaves.

To the joyful event hurried from the distant north and spruce.

She came the very last and, shy, stood aside. Everyone was asked to see her, why she does not go. A fir replied that she really wants to enter, but she has nothing to give to the Divine Infant, and she is afraid to scare it or to prick with needles.

Then the plants shared with her gifts with her gifts, and the red apples, nuts, bright flowers and green leaves began on its branches. Spruce was very happy, thanked everyone, and quietly approached Jesus. The baby smiled, seeing beautiful, multicolored, good fir, and then the Bethlehem star was still brighter over her tip ...

Why the new year dress up a Christmas tree

Otherwise, similar to legend, spruce was not allowed to the baby proud olives and palm trees, mowing over her spiny needles and sticky resin. The modest Christmas tree did not object and sadly looked into a bright fragrant cave, thinking about his unworthy to go into her. But the angel who heard the conversation of the trees, clenched over her fir and decided to decorate her branches with heavenly stars.

Spruce greatly shone and went into the cave. At that moment, Jesus woke up, smiled and handed her handles to her. The fir rejoiced, but did not indifferent, and for the modesty angel awarded a good tree, making it from being the sign of a bright Christmas holiday.

Christmas tree today

Today there are many diverse styles of Christmas tree decoration. The traditional option is to dress up a Christmas tree with colored glass toys, tinsel and electric garlands.

Why the new year dress up a Christmas tree

In the last century there was a transition from natural trees to artificial, which sometimes very realistically imitate living trees. Some of them are stylized and do not assume the use of additional decorations. There is also a fashion for certain color solutions of the Christmas decor.

The tree can be blue, red, gold, silver or any other color. In fashion, laconicity and minimalism. Constantly used to decorate the New Year tree of garlands with lights, however, it is often no longer electric light bulbs, but LEDs.

Video

Sources:

https://i-fakt.ru/pocchemu-na-novyj-god-naryazhayut-elku/

http://pochemu.su/pochemu-na-novyj-god-naryazhayut-elku/

https://shkolazhizni.ru/culture/articles/11887/

Hello, dear friends and guests blog! There are wonderful New Year and Christmas holidays. They are customary to decorate the room, dress up a Christmas tree, give each other gifts.

And you know why they put the Christmas tree for the new year and dressed? Here I will try to answer this question in this article.

Back in ancient times, people believed in the life of forest perfumes who lived in their opinion, on coniferous trees. That the perfume does not enjoy misfortunes, it was necessary to drop them. Therefore, ancient people produced certain rituals and decorated with a Christmas tree with different fruits and delicacies.

Why is the Christmas tree dressed for the new year?

>There are several legends why the Christmas tree became the attribute of Christmas and New Year.

One of them reads: when Jesus Christ was born, then not only people, but also animals, birds, plants reached out with this event. Everyone carried some gifts for the baby and his mother.

Among all those present were fir. But when she approached her turn to go with congratulations, she did not enter, but he moved to the side. Other trees were very surprised and asked why she did that. A spruce, looking at their magnificent foliage and rich fruits, explained that it was afraid to scare the Son of God or to prick with his needles, and she had nothing to give.

Plants became sorry for the Christmas tree, and they shared their gifts with her: bright colors, juicy fruits, green leaves, nuts. When such a beautiful spruce approached the infant, he was caught, and then the Bethlehem star was brighter and immediately brighter.

why the new year is dressed up

>Residents of Europe are confident that the custom of putting and dressing the Christmas tree introduced the head of the German Reformation Martin Luther. Once, returning home on the eve of Christmas, at night across the forest, he wanted to please his family and brought the Christmas tree. Children gladly dressed up with a Christmas tree with candles and ribbons. Subsequently, many residents followed his example.

So the tradition to put and decorate the Christmas tree gradually separated worldwide.

Why do the new year dress up in Russia?

>And in Russia, to celebrate the New Year with Christmas tree first introduced Peter I, returned from the next trip to Germany. Just as its decree before 1700, he commanded the new year to celebrate January 1, and not on September 1.

why the new year is dressed up

But at that time, this tradition did not fit. Perhaps because then people have fir branches associated with the wires of the deceased to the polish, and not with New Year's fun.

>It is believed that the custom of decorating the Christmas tree in Russia revived, the wife of Tsar Nicholas I, the princess of Alexander Fedorovna, German by origin.

In 1818, she ordered to put trees decorated with fruit and sweets in all rooms of the royal court in Moscow.

why the new year is dressed up

Gradually, this tradition has spread to other major cities. But still everywhere to dress up the Christmas tree for the New Year and Christmas in Russia began only at the end of the 19th century.

>With the arrival of the Bolsheviks, it was forbidden to put the Bolsheviks for the holidays, as it was associated with religion and the church.

>But before the beginning of 1936, a fir was allowed to establish new year, New Year's holidays were organized, in stores began to sell toys for decorating Christmas trees.

In the USSR, Christmas spruce went to the New Year's Eve, and a five-pointed star began to install on her top.

>Nowadays, the green beauty is considered a mandatory attribute of the New Year celebration, and is associated with fun, dancing, dances, grandfather frost and gifts.

Now I think you know why the new year is dressing the Christmas tree. And if your child asks about it, you can always tell.

why the new year is dressed up

Congratulations to all happy new year! I wish you fun to spend this holiday in a family circle next to a bright shining green Christmas tree (fir or pine tree)!

READ ALSO: How to make herring under a fur coat in a new year's table.

DIY for the new year with their own hands.

The first began to dress up the Christmas tree in Germany. According to the legend for the appearance of this tradition, we must be grateful to Martin Luther, an outstanding German reformer. On the eve of Christmas in 1513, he, as the legend says, returned home and admired the heaven with his stars. It seemed the impression that they sparkle on the branches of trees. Reaching home, Martin Luther decided to reproduce seen, so I put a small Christmas tree on the table, dressed up with candles and the star, which was placed on the top as a reminder of the Bethlehem star, indicating the Bible path to the place of birth of Jesus.

It is widely known that in Central Europe of the XVI century, there was a tradition to dress up a small beech trees with pears, plums and apples that were pre-cooked in honey, as well as forest nuts. On Christmas Eve, the beech was decorated in the center of the festive table.

About a century in Switzerland and Germany, not only deciduous trees, but coniferous appeared on Christmas feasts. The main requirement that has been presented to them has concerned the magnitude. The tree should have been miniature. First, a small Christmas tree decorated with apples and sweets was made to hang to the ceiling, and only over time the tradition appeared to install a large tree in the living room.

From the XVIII to the XIX century, the tradition of dressing the Christmas tree went outside of Germany and passed on in England, Denmark, Holland, Czech Republic and Austria. Thanks to the development of emigration, the immigrants from Germany taught to decorate the Christmas trees and Americans. At first, fruits, candles and a variety of sweets were used for this, but over time the custom appeared to dress up Christmas trees with cardboard toys, wool and wax, and later from the glass.

In Russia, the New Year trees came thanks to Peter the first. He, being another very young man, was visiting his friends in Germany, where she saw a strange-dressed tree with candy and apples, and received very pleasant impressions from this spectacle. After Peter climbed the throne, the fun Christmas trees on the manner seen in Europe appeared in Russia. On the central streets and the houses of noble people set decorations from coniferous trees and their branches.

Over time, when Peter the First did not become, everyone forgot about the new way. The Christmas tree became a popular Christmas attribute only a century later. In 1817, princess Charlotte appeared at the Russian court, which became the wife of Prince Nikolai Pavlovich. On its initiative, a tradition appeared in Russia to decorate bouquets from the branches of the Christmas table. In 1819, the first festive Christmas tree appeared in Anichkov Palace, which was influenced by Nikolai Pavlovich, and 1852 was the year of demonstration of the first dressed up in public. She appeared in the Ekaterininsky premises (subsequently in the Moscow) station in St. Petersburg. After that, there was a splash of popularity of Christmas trees. Rich Russians began to write down dear European decorations and hold festive matinees for children.

Christmas card, 19th century

New Year's tree showed Christian postulates. Fruits, sweets and toys, which she decorated, were a symbol of gifts brought by newborne Jesus. Candles served as a reminder of how the place of stay of the Holy Family was covered. In addition, a star was conquered on the top of a spruce, who performed the role of the symbol of the Bethlehem star, which appeared in the sky at the time of Christ's birth and indicating the road to him. All this contributed to the conversion of the Christmas tree into a Christmas symbol.

World War II - a period of refusal to decorate the Christmas tree, as from the enemy tradition, which came from hostile Germany. Nicholas II introduced a ban on it, which was canceled after the October Revolution. The public Christmas tree of Soviet times was first established on December 31, 1917 in the territory of the Mikhailovsky Artillery School in St. Petersburg.

Another ban on the use of a dressed Christmas tree as a festive symbol occurred for 1926, when this tradition was named by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Anti-Soviet. Active anti-religious work was carried out, within which it was, in particular, is forbidden to celebrate Christmas. Therefore, the use of any Christmas attributes could not be a speech.

However, by 1935, the festive Christmas tree is again experiencing rebirth. On December 28, a note about organizing the installation of a New Year tree for children appeared in the True newspaper. This proposal proceeded from Posyssheva, the Second Secretary of the Central Committee of the Committee, and received support for Stalin.

On the eve of 1938, a 15-meter Christmas tree was installed in the House of Unions, decorated with 10 thousand toys, which became the central element of the children's festive matinee. Since then, such events became the traditional and chief Christmas tree of the country, it was the Christmas tree in the house of unions. Since 1976, this title has passed to the Christmas tree installed in the Kremlin. Being initially a Christmas symbol, a dressed up tree gradually turned into a New Year attribute. The tradition of decorating the Christmas tree fruit and sweets was also gradually transformed. Christmas toys have become a reflection of the era. They were depicted pioneers, tinted mountains, and portraits of members of the Politburo, and during the Second World War appeared toys with weapons, paratroopers and sanitation dogs. Later, snowflakes with sickle and hammer, airplanes and cars depicted on them came to replace pictures of military topics. In Khrushchev times, corn cobs, tractors and hockey players appeared on the Christmas trees, and after a while - fabulous characters and everything connected with space.

Postcard of the USSR Times with New Year's Christmas Tree | Depositphotos - Nadi555

Today there are many diverse styles of Christmas tree decoration. The traditional option is to dress up a Christmas tree with colored glass toys, tinsel and electric garlands. In the last century there was a transition from natural trees to artificial, which sometimes very realistically imitate living trees. Some of them are stylized and do not assume the use of additional decorations. There is also a fashion for certain color solutions of the Christmas decor. The tree can be blue, red, gold, silver or any other color. In fashion, laconicity and minimalism. Constantly used to decorate the New Year tree of garlands with lights, however, it is often no longer electric light bulbs, but LEDs.

Comments Powered by Hypercomments

Добавить комментарий