Preparations for intestinal microflora
Preparations for intestinal microfloraWhat is the intestine microflora? All well known the role of bacteria in the development of chronic and acute diseases. But at the same time, there are bacteria that benefit the body of the host. Such mutually beneficial cooperation of bacteria and the human body is called Symbiosis . This combination of "good" microorganisms, inhabiting in our body, both outside and inside, providing a normal vital activity to a person, and there is a microflora. And the absolute championship in the quantity and species diversity of bacteria in the body belongs to the intestine. The process of forming microflora begins with the moment of the child's birth. Before that, with the normal course of pregnancy, there is not a single bacterium throughout the body. Already during childbirth, the child's body begins to get acquainted with mother's microorganisms. Mostly for the child are important Lactobacterial which are the first defenders from infection. After birth and in the process of feeding, the intestinal population is only enhanced by bacteria. Mainly Biofidobacteria . The relatively stable composition of the bacteria becomes the first month of the child's life. Currently, all scientists came to the conclusion that the human body and its inhabiting microorganisms are a single functioning system. But the most striking research, which speaks about the close relationship between the brain and intestines. It is the intestine and its microflora affect the mental and emotional state. That is, the depression and depression can be a consequence of the violation of the composition of bacteria in the intestine or violation of their quantity. The value of microflora is huge! - digestion and splitting of untapped food residues. - Products of the vitamins required by our body. Vitamins B12, vitamin K, biotin, folic acid, vitamin B2 is just some vitamins that are synthesized in a thick intestine. Vitamins of groups are especially important - they are involved in the regulation of the nervous system, help to resist stress and depression. In disruption, microflora minimizes the digestibility of these vitamins, and even their reception courses will not give a positive effect. - Protective function. Useful bacteria suppress the growth of pathogenic microorganisms. And also stimulate human protective functions, as they are involved in the synthesis of immunoglobulins. - The absorption of trace elements, especially calcium. - Strengthening intestinal peristaltics, which contributes to a more comfortable and efficient digestion. How does the intestine work? The intestine is the final department of the human digestive tract. When taking food, food through the oral cavity, the esophagus falls into the stomach. In the stomach there is an active digestion of solid particles, splitting them into smaller, which getting into the duodenum is crushed even more. All this happens under the influence of active substances - enzymes. The intestines begins here - the tube with many bends. The bowel length is an average of 7-9 m. Therefore, the movement of the edible lump on it occurs due to the peristaltic (wave-like cutting of the walls). The intestine consists of two departments - a thin and large intestine. The main task of the small intestine is the suction of the useful substances from food or drugs entering the body or drugs. The density of the small intestine consist of a variety of villies that repeatedly increase the area of suction. If you equip the delicate intestine, then it will take an area of 7 kilometers! And the function of the thick intestine - the final digestion and absorption of previously undigested residues of food (for example, the absorption of calcium and many other minerals occurs only in the thick intestine), water absorption and the formation of carts. Our body is not able to digest plant food on their own. It is digested by bacteria living in the intestines. Their quantity increases in the direction from the small intestine to the thick. It is these bacteria that make up the intestinal microflora. In connection with which the microflora disrupts? - Improper nutrition and bad habits. Large portions, high content of chemical additives in food, sudden diet change, change of food intake mode. All this makes it difficult to properly work the bacteria and as a result, the absorption of useful trace elements is broken. Abuse of sugar and alcohol also adversely affects the microflora. - Reception of drugs that have a destructive effect on bacteria. These include antibiotics, sulfonamides, antidepressants, hormonal preparations, laxative. - inflammatory processes in the intestine. - Helmintosis (the presence of parasites in the body, incl. In the intestine). - The uncontrolled purification of the body with the body. - Chronic stress, sleep disorder. - Chemotherapy, radiotherapy in cancer. In which cases is required to restore microflora? Usually symptoms of microflora disorders develop gradually. But the faster the person will adjust its food and will help its body, the faster everything returns to normal. If the symptoms have existed for a long time, and we ignore them diligently, then in the end we get a serious violation of the work of the digestive organs, poor well-being, obesity and still a set of problems, for solving a lot of effort, time and money. What symptoms say that our microflora needs help? 1) Chair impairment - it can be both diarrhea and constipation. 2) The so-called dyspepsive phenomena - belching, flatulence, bloating, heartburn, unpleasant smell of mouth, nausea, feeling of gravity in the stomach. 3) deterioration of hair, skin and nails, unhealthy complexion, uncontrolled weight gain. 4) Increased sensitivity of the body to various substances (allergy). 5) Weakness and fast fatigue, poor sleep and depression. All these are signs of violation of the balance of our intestinal microflora. As can be seen from the list, the connection with the intestine of some symptoms is completely non-obvious. The pathological process in the intestine leads to a change in the entire body, a strong decrease in the quality of life, overall well-being and efficiency. If you have discovered these unpleasant symptoms, then our "useful" bacteria needs help. So how can you help them? To begin with, we find out what probiotics and prebiotics are and what they differ. Probiotics. By definition of WHO, probiotics are non-propogenous microorganisms for humans, which have the ability to restore the normal intestinal microflora, as well as to deprive the pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microorganisms. Those. These are live bacteria that are normally present in the intestine of every healthy person and benefit him. Currently, probiotics include the following microorganisms: - Lactobacilli (L. Acidophilus, L. Plantarum, L. Casei, L. Bulgaricus, L. Lactis, L. Reuteri, L. Rhamnosus, L. Fermentum, L. Jonsonii, L. Gassed); - Biofidobacteria (B. Bifidum, B. Infantis, B. Longum, B. Breve, B. adolescents); - non-propogenic varieties of intestinal sticks; - non-propogenous varieties of enterococcus; - lactic acid streptococcus; - yeast fungi; Some dosage forms of probiotics contain only one type of microorganisms, others - several. Also, probiotics are contained in fermented milk products or simple dairy products specially enriched with different types of useful bacteria. Prebiotics. Prebiotics, according to the definition of WHO, these are substances that are not absorbed and not digested in the stomach and the small intestine, but create favorable conditions for the growth and reproduction of intestinal useful bacteria. The main substances prebiotics are lactulose, inulin, oligophructase and dietary fiber, and the auxiliary substances: arginine, valine, glutamic acid, pectins and chitosan. Also, some vitamins can also be attributed to substances (eg vitamin A, E, C). All of these components are used to make biologically active additives or drugs. Prebiotics are in some food products, for example, in breams, dairy products, corn, bread, bows, garlic. Those. These substances pass in transit through our entire digestive tract and already at the very end, in the thick intestine, feed the bacteria of normal microflora, creating conditions for their livelihoods. Thus, they participate in maintaining the balance and constancy of the intestine microflora. How to take drugs to restore microflora? In each individual case, dosages and reception rules may differ slightly, but also in prebiotics, and probiotics can distinguish general principles of therapy. Prebiotics are accepted 3-4 times a day during meals. You can take them by long-term courses, sometimes even more than a year. As a rule, prebiotics are prescribed to maintain normal intestinal microflora when an active treatment has been achieved and need to be saved. Also, prebiotics eliminate the symptoms of dysbiosis, facilitating the patient's condition. Probiotics reception schemes differ, depending on the shape of the disease. In chronic diseases, the reception of probiotics is required 3-4 times a day for 30 - 60 minutes before meals. The duration of reception is 14, 21, 30 days. If the condition is sharp, then the reception of drugs occurs 4 - 6 times a day, a short course until the state normalization. The powder shape of the drug must be divorced in warm water, capsules and tablets are swallowed and powered by a small amount of water. It is important to choose correctly probiotic, with the desired composition of microorganisms, for optimal treatment of pathology. In the treatment of this group of drugs, it is necessary to adjust its diet, namely: to reduce, and it is better to completely eliminate sugar and products containing; Use more complex carbohydrates (fruits, vegetables, beans), fiber and greenery (food fibers and trace elements are useful for intestinal microflora). What drugs are taken to restore microflora? The recommendation list of drugs includes probiotics that contain representatives of one type of bacteria (single-component) or several (polycompensative), as well as synbiotics (i.e., contain and useful bacteria and a nutrient medium for them). Special requirements exist to probiotics: bacteria in drugs are normal in the intestinal microflora, during clinical studies they showed a positive effect on the human body, they are not able to cause a painful state, they have a positive effect on immunity, and with long-term use do not have side effects. Hilakfort. It is the probiotic metabolic type. The composition of the drug: Method of metabolism of several types of bacteria. At the moment, there are many studies of this drug, which prove its effectiveness in disorders of the intestinal microflora, as well as with acute intestinal infections (such as acute dysentery and salmonellosis). It was revealed that when taking a hilak-forte, the quality composition of microflora varied for the better (the number of conditionally pathogenic bacteria decreased). The drug contributed to a decrease in inflammation in the intestinal mucosa and atrophy processes in it. Metabolism products are a nutritious substrate for useful microorganisms and stimulate the regeneration of the entire microflora spectrum. Good tolerability of the drug and the absence of unwanted reactions allows you to take it to children, pregnant and nursing women. The preparation is produced in the form of drops in a bottle of 30 ml and 100 ml. Take Hilak Forte before or during food 3 times a day. Dosage Duhalak. Refers to the group of prebiotics. Contains lactulose (disaccharide created by artificially. In the process of decomposition of lactulose, the acidity of the intestinal content is reduced, the pressure in the intestinal lumen increases and its peristalistic is enhanced. Therefore, with a violation of the microflora with a stool impairment (constipation), a significant improvement in the state is observed. Most Pathogenic bacteria live in a slightly alkaline or neutral environment. The drug oppresses the growth of pathogenic microflora, due to the creation of an acidic intestine in the intestine, and since the lactulose serves as a nutritious substrate for the intestinal bacteria, the microflora composition is normalized. How to take: Duhalak is produced in the form of a syrup with a plum taste. You can take both diluted and undivided. The entire dose must be immediately swallowed. The preyssic dose of the drug and the duration of the reception is selected individually, given the frequency of the chair in the patient, in adults 5-10 ml, in children 2.5-5 ml 1 time per day. Bifiform. Refers to multicomponent probiotics. Contains bifidobacteria and enterococci. And the drug capsule itself is simultaneously protected from splitting in the stomach and nutritional substrate for these strains of bacteria. It is important that the drug, in contrast to many other drugs to restore microflora, does not contain lactose. Therefore, it is relevant for people with its intolerance. The drug not only helps to settle the intestine with useful bacteria, but also stimulates the development of local immunity. How to accept: To restore and maintain microflora, it is recommended to take 1 capsule 2-3 times a day with a course from 2 to 3 weeks. It does not depend on meals, which is also an additional advantage when applying. Florin forte. Polycomplete probiotic, which contains 2 types of strains: bifidobacteria and lactobacilli. This is one of its kind polycomponent probiotic, in which microcolonic bacteria is sorbed by special technology on particles of activated carbon. This technology allows the drug to deliver bacteria to the intestines in a constant form, and coal components help them attach them to the intestinal wall. Bacteria strains are not genetically modified. The high efficiency of the drug was revealed during chairs (diarrhea). With this symptom, the means acts most effectively, compared with other probiotic drugs according to the latest studies. The greater dignity of the substance is its safety. It can be given to children from the first days of life (and even premature children), as well as pregnant and nursing women. How to take: Florin-forte is represented in the form of powder. The reception is desirable to produce during meals, but there is no strict dependence. The drug is mixed with liquid food (ideally with a sour milk product) or water. Newborn and breastfeed children are mixed with breast milk. Dosage depends on age. Adult patients are scheduled for 2 packages 3 times a day, children 1 package 2-4 times a day. The drug contains lactose. Linex. It is one of the most famous polycomponent probiotics in the group. As part of a lines of whole three non-pathogenic bacteria - lactobacilli, bifidobacteria and milk streptococcus. This combination is particularly effective in violation of microflora associated with the reception of antibiotics, and enterococcus allows to normalize the microflora in the upper intestinal departments, which can be found not from all probiotic drugs. According to research, it is during diarrhea, due to the reception of antibiotics, Linex showed good results. Also, the drug has a positive effect on immunity, because Participates in the synthesis of ascorbic acid and forms substances with antibacterial properties, which can help with light forms of intestinal infections. The big plus of lines is the stability of microorganisms that are part of the drug to antibiotics. That is why the drug can be taken in parallel with therapy with antibacterial drugs. How to take: it can be taken to children, elderly, pregnant and nursing women. The dosage depends on the form of release. For adults, a capsule form is more convenient (the recommended dose is 2 capsules 3 times a day). For children, there are sachets with powder or drops that can be added to milk, juice and other non-neural drinks. Squeeze capsules are also not recommended hot drinks or alcohol. If when taking the drug there is an increase in temperature or the deterioration of the overall state requires additional observation of the doctor. Probiba. Probiotic containing one strain of bacteria - bifidobacteria. Also in the composition - activated carbon. The drug used not only to maintain and restore microflora, but also for the treatment of intestinal infections of unknown etiology, diarrhea and intoxication. Contains lactose, therefore contraindicated in its intolerance. It is a fairly active drug that shows high efficiency in the treatment of intestinal diseases. How to take: Probiba is taken inward during meals, if necessary, regardless of meals. Produced in the form of capsules and powder. Capsules can be taken only to children from 5 years and adults, powder to all age groups. Bifidumbacterin. One-component probiotic containing bifidobacteria strain. It has many dosage forms (capsules, suspension, suppositories, powder). This drug has a very mild effect on the microflora, therefore there is no clear method of reception. You can apply both children and pregnant women. One of the advantages of the drug is its price availability. Lactobacterin plus. Probiotic containing one strain of bacteria - lactobacilli. In addition to the normalization of microflora, has a property of increasing the body's immune protection. With allergic manifestations also has high efficiency. Release form: Liquid concentrate. This form is more convenient than powder, since there is no need for breeding. It is recommended to combine the drug with a taking of vitamins, as it enhances its action. Due to high resistance to antibacterial drugs, a joint reception is also allowed with antibacterial therapy. How to accept: It is important that lactobacterin is allowed for receiving children from the first days of life. It is necessary to take it no later than 30 minutes before meals, having barely shook the bottle by drinking a small amount of water. The dosage depends on the age, in children under 12 years old it is 1-3 ml per day, in adults - 3-5 ml. Lactobacterin is also appointed for maintaining microflora after treatment with 1-1.5 months. Polysorb. This drug is not included in the group and prebiotics group. But it copes perfectly with the preparation of the body to receive drugs to restore intestinal microflora, especially after receiving courses of antibiotics. This is a powerful enterosorbent. It has all the important qualities of this group of drugs (does not have toxic properties, does not injure the mucous membranes, is well removed from the intestine, has good binding properties, does not cause microflora impairment and has a convenient dosage form). The main purpose of this drug is the removal of toxins from the body. It is very effective with allergic manifestations of microflora disorders. Improves skin condition. Also binds excess cholesterol and other harmful fatty acids, neutralizing them. How to accept: Released in the form of a powder, which must be dissolved in ¼-1/2 cup of water. The dose of the drug depends on the patient's body mass. Polysorb passes through the gastrointestinal tract and is excreted in fullest. All these drugs are aimed at improving the state of normal intestinal microflora. With constant reception and observance of instructions, the patient begins to mark the improvement after 5-7 days of reception. When choosing a probiotic or prebiotic, it is necessary to take into account the individual intolerance of some components of the drug, age and degree of severity of the intestinal microflora. In all cases, it is recommended to consult with the attending physician. With the right choice and reception of drugs, as well as balanced nutrition and knowledge of a healthy lifestyle, your intestines will tell you thanks!
There are contraindications, you need to familiarize yourself with the instructions or consult with a specialist.
Micrazim and mezim are enzyme preparations, normalizing digestion and absorption of nutrients. Many factors lead to the development of such pathologies, incl. and chronic stress. These drugs have a similar effect on the body, but there is a difference between them. Only a doctor should appoint them.
Characteristic of the micrazima
This is an enzyme tool containing the active component - pancreatin. Produced in the form of capsules. Reception of the medication contributes to a lighter digestion of proteins, fats and carbohydrates, as well as better absorption with nutrient organism. Due to this, the organs of the digestive tract begin to work more efficiently, dyspeptic phenomena are eliminated.
Micrazim and Mezim - enzyme preparations, normalizing digestion.
This preparation containing enzymes is aimed at improving the work of the pancreas. Its main component - Pancreatin, presented in the form of a powder, from pork pancreas, which contains tripsin enzymes, protease, amylase, lipase, etc.. Released in the form of tablets. The medication contributes to the best digestion of food and is aimed at compensating for the excessive insufficiency of the gland.
Difference and similarity of drugs
Micrazim contains the following enzymes: lipase, amylase and protease, helping to digest proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Lipase takes part in the process of hydrolysis occurring in the small intestine.
Amylase breaks pectin and starch to maltose and sucrose.
Gelatin capsules, hitting the stomach, dissolve, after which the microgranules together with food enter the 12-point intestine and the delicate intestine, where the enzymes are released and start efficient processing of food. In addition, they help with chronic malabsorption. The drug begins to act 40 minutes after oral administration. It is removed from the body with the feces.
The active components of the mesima lead to an effective digestion of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Tripsin, one of the enzymes, prevents excessive secretion of the gland. The drug fills the shortage of its own enzymes, improving food digestion. A special shell protects pancreatin from the effects of the stomach juice, due to which the substance is released in the small intestine. The greatest activity of enzymes is observed after 30-40 minutes after taking a tablet. Displayed with the feces.
Indications for use
Micrazima has the following testimony to use:
- pancreas fibrosis or operational intervention on this body;
- chronic pancreatitis;
- states arising after removal of a part of the stomach, gallbladder or intestines;
- cholecystitis, liver disease and biliary tract;
- tumors or enzyme pancreatic failure;
- symptomatic treatment with a comprehensive correction of digestive disorders;
- Preparation for the examination of the abdominal cavity;
- To normalize food digestion, if the GTS function has been broken when moving, consuming fatty or coarse food, irregular nutrition.
Dosage of the drug Micrazim doctor picks up individually.
Mezim is shown in the following cases:
- substitution therapy, if there is an excessive insufficiency of the pancreas functions;
- Scientific disorder with irritable intestinal syndrome;
- Preparation for the examination of the organs of the peritoneum;
- For better assimilation of food in the errors in nutrition;
- states that occurred after irradiation or removal of part of the gastrointestinal organs;
- Chronic inflammatory diseases of the gallbladder, liver, stomach.
With caution, medicines should be taken with preparations containing iron and intended for the treatment of hypertension.
Method of application and dosage
The dosage of the drug Micrazim doctor selects, given the severity of the symptoms and the age of the patient. Capsules should be taken inside and drinking with a nice liquid (fruit juices, water). If you need to take 2 capsules, then one part is used before meals, and the second - during meals.
For children up to 1.5 years, permitted dose - 50,000 cells / day, over 1.5 years old - 100000 U / day. Lost treatment can be from several days to several years.
The dose of medicinal mezim determines the doctor individually, focusing on the composition of the food, the age of the patient and the degree of severity of the disease. One-time dose for meals - 2-4 tablets. It is recommended to take one part of the medication at the beginning of meals, and the second - during meals.
Tablets can not be chewed, you need to drink a large amount of liquid.
Maximum dose per day - 15000-20000 units. If there are errors in the diet, the medication takes several days, and if necessary, the course of treatment increases to several months or years. Both medicines can not be used without the appointment of a doctor.
Side effects of micrazima and mesima
Micrazim is moved well. Sometimes you can develop allergies in the form of itching and rash on the skin. Less often arises nausea, constipation or diarrhea, discomfort at the top of the abdomen.
With long-term reception, the mesima does not arise side effects or complications. Sometimes the drug can cause the development of allergic reactions, nausea, constipation, diarrhea, discomfort in the epigastric area. Rarely in patients with cystic cycidosis can be observed a hyperikozuria and the formation of strictures in the rising colon or the ileocecal region.
With long-term intake of the mesima, side effects do not arise.
To contraindications, micrazima refer to:
- acute pancreatitis;
- Individual intolerance to the components of the medication;
- The aggravation of chronic pancreatitis.
Mezim is prohibited in the following cases:
- acute pancreatitis;
- age up to 3 years;
- glucose-galactose malabsorption syndrome or lactase lactase;
- Excessive sensitivity to the components of the means.
There is no data on whether it is possible to use drugs during a child tooling or during lactation, so the use of drugs at this time is possible only by appointing a doctor who will appreciate the benefit and risks.
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Micrazim or Mezim - what's the difference and what is better?
Despite the fact that drugs have almost the same action on the body, they have small differences. They are as follows:
- dosage forms;
- reading to use;
- The structure of the protective shell.
Determining which drug is better - micrazim or mezim, it is necessary to compare the activity of lipase and the effectiveness of enzymes. The last remedy is characterized by a large dosage option, so that it is used both with insignificant enzyme failure in children and with dangerous violations of the pancreas functioning in adults.
Reviews of doctors about micrazima and mesima
Elena, Gastroenterologist, Kirov: "Micrazim is an effective drug that is used with a decrease in the work of the pancreas. It is moved well, even with long reception. It does not occur to it. Side effects are extremely rare. "
Antonina, Gastroenterologist, Izhevsk: "Mezim is an effective enzyme preparation that helps normalize digestive disorders caused by the lack of pancreatic work or errors in nutrition. The adverse reactions practically do not arise, but it is expensive. "
Acute pancreatitis belongs to the contraindications of the micrazima.
Alena, 26 years old, Murmansk: "Led recently with her daughter in the hospital about weight loss and appetite disorders. Doctors diagnosed dysbacteriosis, as a result of which the intestine stopped completely digesting the food. After receiving food, the child had a bad stomach ached for 15-20 minutes. We were discharged and prescribed treatment with micrazim. After 10 days, all unpleasant symptoms disappeared. "
Dmitry, 45 years old, Yaroslavl: "In the spring I made gastritis. The pain was not, but seriously evidenced by food developed. The doctor appointed mezim. I dug his month, and the effect began to be observed almost immediately. No negative reactions of the body did not arise. "
The best treatment is preventing acute intestinal infections. However, despite all the warnings, almost every person faced with intestinal disorder, and Funds for this case are in every home first aid kit. So let's deal with the tablets familiar to us, so that at the hour "X" take the right medicine.
Help: During the disease, the main intestinal functions are oppressed: the digestion of food and peristalistic is disturbed, the development of the secrets and intestinal juice is disturbed. The most frequent manifestation of intestinal disorder is the violation of the water-electrolyte balance in the intestine - diarrhea.
Now imagine that your intestines is a pipe that leads to the crane in your kitchen, which began problems. Normal slow and wave-like intestinal movements are accelerated, water does not have time to be absorbed by the walls, a liquid chair appears. This state is comparable to the leakage of the crane. It is urgent to eliminate the problem until the apartment turned out to be flooded.
We provide first aid: Activated coal and other enterosorbents
In the intestinal disorder, enterosorbents are used first - activated carbon, which is available in almost every first aid kit, and more modern drugs. Medicines are absorbed and associated toxic substances that have fallen into the gastrointestinal tract and caused the problem.
See also: Cleaning the intestines
Their action is comparable to the absorbent sponge that you hastily throw next to the leaking faucet so that dirty water does not pour out the entire room.
We want a quick result: Loperamide
Loperamide and its analogs are a means of emergency. They are used when there is no time to deal with the causes of the tap. Loperamide is a central action preparation, it works through the main body of the body: binding to the receptors in the intestine, it gets into the brain, from where the signal comes from: to reduce the peristaltics. In turn, it increases the time of passage by intestines and suction.
The medicine helps quickly, and the principle of his action resembles water overlapping: it will not eliminate the breakdown, but you can get out of the house. Because of the impact on the brain, the drug is not recommended to accept children up to three years.
We restore the microflora: Baktisubtil, "Linex", "Hilak Forte"
In the intestinal microflora diarrhea, it is often changed: the number of familiar residents is reduced, but there are various non-crushed guests. Means designed to restore microflora contain suspension of beneficial bacteria.
Preparations kill pathogenic microbes, produce vitamins and restore the population of local residents. Their action is comparable to the replacement of the protruding gasket in the crane on the new one.
Eliminate the consequences of the accident: "Regidron", "Trigidron", "Hydrait"
After the water is stopped and the crane does not appear anymore, you can begin to make cleanliness in the apartment: to clean the dirt and water remnants, return the room the usual look. In our body, the "regider" and its analogues will make a similar cleaning. Preparations restore the loss of electrolytes and lead to an acidic and alkaline balance, disturbed due to water leakage during diarrhea.
But, just as it does not make sense to make order in the room where water continuously leaks, you should not use drugs that replenish the loss of liquid, without more severe artillery. These funds eliminate the effects of diarrhea, but do not treat it.
Despite the measures taken by you, the crane continues to flow? Professional - a plumber, which will understand with the cause of the breakdown and eliminate it. Similarly, it should be done if the intestinal disorder does not pass during the day - to entrust his health by a specialist.
Sergey Buyanov, Nadezhda MarkevichPhoto Thinkstockphotos.com.
Products on the topic: [Product] (Activated carbon), [Product] (Loperamide), [Product] (Baktisubtil), [Product] (Lines), [Product] (Hilak Forte), [Product] (Regidron)
The correct, balanced protein content, fats and carbohydrates is the key to health for many years. Products are not able to fully provide the human body with everything necessary. There is a whole list of drugs that help keep yourself in good shape and do not hurt from light blowing wind.
We offer a list of best probiotics. Before starting therapy, it is recommended to consult a doctor to eliminate the presence of contraindications and correctly calculate the dosage.
Probiotics are live microorganisms that can benefit man. In most cases, these are bacteria, but there may be other microbial representatives (for example, yeast). Probiotics are beneficial for the intestines, normalizing microflora and eliminating dysbacteriosis.
Even the best probiotics to restore microflora need to be taken correctly to achieve the result by the manufacturer:
- drink an hour before meals;
- course of therapy - until the symptoms are completely disappeared;
- Squeeze with a small amount of water.
The treatment of dysbacteriosis must be carried out in several stages. Probiotics of the first generation take from 2 to 4 weeks, the second - from 5 to 7 days, the third and fourth - not more than 7 days.
Norms and various variations
Probiotics colonize the intestines with useful bacteria, counteract the pathogenic (harmful) flora, causing constipation or diarrhea, increase immunity.
The main mass of bacteria - probiotics can be divided into 2 types: lacto and bifidobacteria. In each of them there is a significant number of subspecies. They have this or that beneficial effect on the human body.
There are various types of probiotics:
- Monocomponent. The first generation containing the bacteria of the same type (number of coli phytide or lact-containing).
- Antagonists. The second generation, which includes competitive preparations. They are not representatives of the natural microflora of the gastrointestinal tract.
- Polycomplete symbiotics. The third generation, which consists of more than one strain of beneficial microorganisms. They tend to strengthen each other's action.
- Sorbed bifido-containing. The fourth generation is characterized by the presence of active ingredients that have a pronounced immunomodulatory action.
- Synbiotics. Fifth generation containing bond flora and prebiotic substances.
Depending on the generation of the drug in the formulation, enterococci can be included. The names sound terribly, but the ingredients of the drug do not harm the person. Products are made in a dry and liquid form.
Deviations from the norm
Many of the necessary microorganisms are in daily food (dairy products, vegetables, fruits), but in some cases additional reception of probiotics are needed:
- frequent colds to strengthen the immune system;
- irritable intestinal syndrome to improve the mobility and restoration of the intestinal mucosa;
- Food allergies (bacteria form a protective layer, which prevents allergen penetration into blood);
- lactose intolerance;
- deficiency of vitamins B, H or k;
- during breastfeeding (probiotics have a positive effect on the health of the mother and child);
- After taking antibiotics to restore microflora.
Unpactogenic live microorganisms support interferon synthesis, removing allergy symptoms. The active ingredients neutralize the bacteria of Helicobacter pylori, which cause ulcerative ulcer of the stomach.
What is the difference between probiotics from prebiotics?
Both groups of bioactive drugs are designed to restore the intestinal useful microflora. But their action is somewhat different, since they have a different biological structure:
- Probiotics. Consist of yeast, bifido and lactobacilli. Normally, in a small amount, they inhabit the human body, helping to absorb nutrients and digest food.
- Prebiotics. Includes fruito-oligosaccharides, low molecular weight carbohydrates, lactulose and insulin. In sufficient quantities, it is possible to obtain from food such as garlic, bananas, cereals and peas.
Can probiotics harm?
Probiotics practically do not have contraindications. It is not recommended to take on cancer, lesions of the lymphatic and circulatory system, HIV. With caution, it is recommended to take during pregnancy and lactation. Little children permissively give only those drugs that do not have age limitations.
How to choose probiotics for the intestine?
The best probiotics to restore the intestine can only be advised by the doctor. Main criteria should be taken into account: the age of the patient, the condition of the body, the nature of dysfunction, contraindications, etc. Self-treatment may not give proper result and lead to the development of health problems.
The list of drugs includes the best probiotics to restore the intestinal microflora. The rating is based on efficiency, safety and price-quality ratio.
№1 - "Normoplinar-D" (Baifilesux, Russia)
A biologically active additive is developed on the basis of lactobacilli and their metabolites. Used in the complex treatment of duodenal ulcers and stomach, in obesity and metabolic syndrome. Assigned after antibacterial therapy to restore the disturbed microbiocenosis.
№2 - "BIFFORM" (Ferrosan, Denmark)
Antiodeary drug regulates the equilibrium of intestinal microflora. Contains Bifidobacterium Longum and Enterococcus Faecium. MIBP-Eubiotic is appointed with lactose intolerance, to restore the intestinal microflora and for the treatment of helicobacter infection in comprehensive therapy.
№3 - "Linex" (Lek d. D., Slovenia)
Located in the first rows of the list of probiotics for the intestine. The main active ingredients of this drug stimulate the change in the pH by fermentation of lactose. This inhibits the development of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microorganisms and creates favorable conditions for digestive enzymes.
Active substances included in Linex are resistant to antibiotics. They have an impact not only on the lower intestinal departments, but also on the top (these properties are not all probiotics). The multicomponent remedy is suitable for almost all patients, including children (even those who are on artificial nutrition).
№4 - "Hilak Forte" (Merckle, Germany)
Combined drug to normalize the acidity of the stomach in accordance with the physiological norm. Biologically restores the intestinal microflora. Thus, it creates an unfavorable medium for the vital activity of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic bacteria.
№5 - "Linex Forte" (Sandoz, Slovenia)
Probiotic regulates the balance of intestinal microflora. Designed on the basis of lactic acids of living bacteria, which are components of the natural microflora. Widely used in dysbacteriosis, constipation and helicobacteriosis in children and adults.
№6 - "BIFEMBAKTERIN" (Lanapharm, Russia)
The best probiotic for the restoration of microflora, which is resistant to many drugs and antibiotics. Bifidumbacterin is an antagonist of a fairly wide range of pathogens and conditionally pathogenic microorganisms. Released in formRectal Suppositories
The effectiveness of the drug is due to the strong concentration of bifidobacteria. Quickly normalizes the intestinal microflora, which, being natural, accumulates toxic substances (both entering the body from the outside and in it) and decomposes them to non-toxic components. It is impossible to give children suffering from the intolerance to dairy products.
№7 - "Tank-Set Forte" (Probiotics International, United Kingdom)
The multi-probiotic of a new generation, which includes 14 types of probiotic live bacteria. They complement each other's action, eliminating the problems with digestion in children from 3 years of age and in adults. Improved microencapsulated technology contributes to the preservation of the beneficial properties of bacteria throughout the entire storage period of the drug.
№8 - "BIFFORM BALANCE" (Pfizer, Russia)
One of the best probiotics to restore intestinal microflora. Developed based on lacto and bifidobacteria. A biologically active supplement to food is prescribed for the treatment of dysbacteriosis of various etiology and maintains the intestinal microflora. Promotes the correction of functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.
№9 - "Florin Forte" (partner, Russia)
The lacto and bifidobacteria, which are part of the composition of the synthesis of ascorbic acid, potassium, vitamins of group B. As a result, resistance to aggressive environmental impacts increases. Also, the existing components are involved in the exchange processes of bile acids and pigments. In their presence, the synthesis of substances that have antibacterial effect occurs. Also, the drug increases the immune-reactivity of the human body.
№10 - "bacteriophage" (microgen NGO, Russia)
The staphylococcal solution is included in the list of the best probiotics for the intestine for adults and children. Used primarily as part of complex therapy with antibacterial drugs and other drugs.
№11 - "Sextafag" (Microgen NGO, Russia)
Completes the list of probiotics for intestines. The immunobiological drug specifically lies the bacteria of streptococci and staphylococci, protea, intestinal and cinema sticks. Appointed with enteral and purulent inflammatory diseases. If necessary, can be used in comprehensive therapy.findings
Probiotic means normalize the processes of digestion, activating the intestinal peristalsis and restoring the microflora. Preparations contribute to the synthesis of polyamines, strengthen the cell cytoskeleton and regenerate intestinal epithelium, increasing the protective functions of the body. They not only reduce gas formation, n and inhibit the growth of malicious microorganisms.
What probiotics to take in one way or another may advise the doctor. The specialist is repelled from the testimony and the overall condition of the patient's body, excluding the development of overdose or adverse reactions.
Literature:https://www.vidal.ru/drugs/clinic-pointer/11.12.01.01httpps://medi.ru/info/15562/https://www.rlsnet.ru/fg_index_id_626.htmhttpps://medi.ru. / Spisok / Probiotiki /
In the diseases of the stomach and pancreas, enzymes are often used that improve the processes of digestion and ensuring the absorption of nutrients. Patients often arise the question of which drug is better, micrazim or mesim. Get the answer helps the study of the properties of these drugs.
In case of diseases of the stomach and pancreas, micrazim or mesim are often used.
Characteristic of the micrazima
Micrazima has the following characteristics:
- Dosage form and composition. The enzyme is produced in the form of a capsules with a transparent base and a brown lid. The content is represented by soluble granules having a specific smell. Each capsule contains 10,000 or 25,000 units of pancreatin, polysorbate 80, triethyl acetate, diesel fuel is anhydrous, sorbic acid, gelatin.
- Pharmachologic effect. After receiving the capsule, pancreatic enzymes are released in a duodenum and small intestines, contributing to a better digestion of nutrients. The uniform distribution of enzymes in the gastric contents and their resistance in the acidic medium provides a drug high efficiency. In the lower sections of the intestine of lipase, protease and amylase, they lose their activity and with the carte masses are derived from the body.
- Sphere of use. Micrazim is used in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis, dyspeptic disorders, fibrosis. The tool helps to improve digestion after the operation to remove the pancreas, resection of the stomach or small intestine. In the normal state of the tract, the drug is used in the case of consuming heavy food, overeating or disorders caused by gelminyosis.
- Contraindications. The enzyme can not be used in acute pancreatitis, increased sensitivity to pancreaticine and the auxiliary ingredients of the capsules.
- Mode of application. The dose of the drug is selected taking into account the age of the patient, the composition of the diet and features of the disease. Capsules swallow entirely by drinking water. If the one-time dose exceeds 25,000 units, the first capsule is taken before eating food, the second - after. In other cases, the reception of the drug is carried out during meals. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 150,000 units.
- Side effects. In rare cases, the drug causes allergic reactions in the form of a skin and rash. With long-term use of high doses of the micrazima, pain in the area of the stomach, nausea and vomiting, liquid stools may occur. Overdose can contribute to the metabolic disorders accompanied by hyperurikozuria.
Micrazima cannot be used in acute pancreatitis, increased sensitivity to pancreatin and the auxiliary ingredients of the capsules.
Mezim is produced in the form of tablets coated with a film shell of pink color containing 10,000 units of pancreatin. The component consists of enzymes produced by the pancreas. They possess the following actions:
- spook proteins to amykislot;
- contribute to the decay of fats to fatty acids and glycerin;
- cleave carbohydrates to monosachar and dextrins;
- Restore impaired processes of digestion.
The intestinal shell prevents the dissolution of the pill in the stomach. Finding into an alkaline intestine enzymes are activated. Tripsin in the duodenum suppresses the secretion of pancreatic juice, providing a moderately expressed analgesic effect. The negative effect of the drug on the body is manifested by the development of allergic reactions in the form of urticaria and swelling of quinque (especially in children). Long-term reception of high doses of mesima can lead to the formation of adhesions in the colon.
Comparison of micrazima and mesima
When comparing the properties of drugs, both similar and various features are detected.
The total characteristics of drugs include:
- Pharmacological group (both drugs are included in the group of enzymes);
- The type of active substance (and mezim, and micrazim contains pancreatin, consisting of lipase, protease and amylase);
- The mechanism of influence on the digestive system (both means act within the upper intestinal departments and speed up the processes of splitting nutrients);
- Scope of application (preparations are used in the treatment of diseases of the stomach and pancreas, as well as in violation of the principles of proper power);
- Indications and contraindications to use.
Mezim acts within the upper intestinal departments and accelerate the processes of splitting nutrients.
The differences between Mezim and Micrazima are as follows:
- release form (Mesim has the form of tablets covered with film shell, micrazim is proposed in the form of capsules in a dense gelatin shell);
- The dosage of the active component (micrazima may contain 10,000 or 25000 units of pancreatin, the mezim is produced in a single dosage option - 10,000 units);
- The list of side effects (a long-term intake of mesima can lead to the scarring of bowel tissues, micrazima does not have such a negative effect on the tract).
What is cheaper?
Micrazim capsules have a higher price than mezim pills.
Is it possible to replace one drug to others?
T. K. Drugs contain the same active ingredient, replacement in most cases is possible.
What is better to take - micrazim or mesim?
Compare the effectiveness of drugs is difficult. Choose a suitable drug is necessary, taking into account the purpose of use. Micrazim has more dosage options, so it can be used both with a poorly pronounced shortage of enzymes in children and in severe diseases of the digestive system in adults. Mesim more often causes side effects, so it is recommended to apply it to the appointment of a doctor.
Opinion of doctors about micrazima and mesima
Irina, 44 years old, gastroenterologist, Kirov: "Micrazim and Mezim are effective enzyme preparations that are prescribed with a decrease in the activity of the pancreas. The first medicine is better tolerated by the body, so it can be used with long-term treatment of patients undergoing pancreathectomy. Micrazima does not cause addiction or allergic reactions. Long-term meals mesima can adversely affect the intestinal work, so it is better to use short-term courses. "
Dmitry, 37 years old, gastroenterologist, Izhevsk: "Mezim is an effective enzyme preparation that helps improve the work of the digestive system. It can be used to eliminate the feeling of gravity in the stomach arising after overeating. In the treatment of diseases of the pancreas in children, I recommend using a safer analogue - micrazim. Capsules are covered with a dense shell, which dissolves only when entering the intestines, which reduces the risk of inflammation of the gastric walls. "
Alina, 26 years old, Murmansk: "The daughter recently fell into the hospital with a violation of appetite and weight loss. A disorder of intestinal microflora was discovered, due to which the body stopped absorbing nutrients. After meals, the daughter has severe abdominal pain. The doctor appointed Micrazim, who took together with meals. The state began to improve, pain disappeared, the chair returned to normal, appetite appeared. After discharge from the hospital, the treatment continued at home. There is a cheaper analogue of the micrazima - mezim, but it is more suitable for adults. "
Antonina, 45 years old, Yaroslavl: "Last year gastritis aggravated, because of what food digestion processes were broken. The use of any products caused gravity in the stomach. The doctor appointed micrazim. Capsules took a month, a positive result was observed from the first days of treatment. Over time, he replaced the medicine cheaper mezim tablets. There was no difference between drugs. "